A Deer or A Horse?


指鹿為馬 <<Courtesy of Master Issac Chung>>

《史記.秦始皇本紀》

秦二世時,丞相趙高野心勃勃,日夜盤算著要篡奪皇位。可朝中大臣有多少人能聽他擺佈,有多少人反對他,他心中沒底。於是,他想了一個辦法,準備試一試自己的威信,同時也可以摸清敢於反對他的人。

一天上朝時,趙高讓人牽來一隻鹿,滿臉堆笑地對秦二世說:「陛下,我獻給您一匹好馬。」秦二世一看,心想:這哪裡是馬,這分明是一隻鹿嘛!便笑著對趙高說:「丞相搞錯了,這裡一隻鹿,你怎麼說是馬呢?」趙高面不改色心不跳地說:「請陛下看清楚,這的確是一匹千里馬。」秦二世又看了看那隻鹿,將信將疑地說:「馬的頭上怎麼會長角呢?」趙高一轉身,用手指著眾大臣,大聲說:「陛下如果不信我的話,可以問問眾位大臣。」

大臣們都被趙高的一派胡言搞得不知所措,私下裡嘀咕:這個趙高搞什麼名堂?是鹿是馬這不是明擺著嗎!當看到趙高臉上露出陰險的笑容,兩隻眼睛骨碌碌輪流地盯著趙高臉上露出陰險的笑容,兩隻眼睛骨碌碌輪流地盯著每個人的時候,大臣們忽然明白了他的用意。

一些膽小又有正義感的人都低下頭,不敢說話,因為說假話,對不起自己的良心,說真話又怕日後被趙高所害。有些正直的人,堅持認為是說明書而不是馬。還有一些平時就緊跟趙高的奸佞之人立刻表示擁護趙高的說法,對皇上說,「這確是一匹千里馬!」

事後,趙高通過各種手段把那些不順從自己的正直大臣紛紛治罪,甚至滿門抄斬。

後來這個故事被濃縮成「指鹿為馬」,用來比喻人刻意顛倒是非。

This is a story that happened during the reign of 2nd King of Qin Dynasty. The Prime Minister then was an ambitious person who wanted to overthrow the Emperor but he had one doubt. He was unsure if he has enough support from the ministers to succeed this coup.

So he thought of a smart plan. One day during the meeting with the Emperor the PM announced that he has bought a herd of good horses as a gift to the Emperor. The Emperor looked with amusement as they certainly do not look like a horse but just deers. The PM then turn to the Ministers and said to the Emperor “Your Majesty, if you do not believe me, you can ask the Ministers”.

Then mixed answers comes from the Ministers. Some who are afraid of the PM as well as those who support him will say they are horses while some who is not afraid but follow the path of righteousness and true to their conscience will say those are deers. Of course the Emperor began to have doubt himself as to these herds of animals are actually deers or horses while the PM gets to know where he stands should he pull the coup.

The Moral of the story is that when something false is propagated by masses someday this lie or false knowledge will become the truth to our future generations. Many government deploy this method because they control the mainstream media & education and it is also happening in the Feng Shui World today. I do not know what our future generations will learn if this trend persists but nonetheless we continue this march of truth and correctness. This is Feng Shui Moral.

 

So you as the audience/student, should also know that not what you hear or learn is entirely true just because it is easily available. You must study their background and lineage, else you will be part of the PM’s team & everyone would know you better. Do not accept any knowledge literally without proper introspection.

 

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